Functional genomics data: privacy risk assessment and technological mitigation

Functional genomics data: privacy risk assessment and technological mitigation
Gamze Gürsoy, Tianxiao Li, Mark B. Gerstein
Perspective | 10 November 2021
Nature Reviews Genetics
Abstract
The generation of functional genomics data by next-generation sequencing has increased greatly in the past decade. Broad sharing of these data is essential for research advancement but poses notable privacy challenges, some of which are analogous to those that occur when sharing genetic variant data. However, there are also unique privacy challenges that arise from cryptic information leakage during the processing and summarization of functional genomics data from raw reads to derived quantities, such as gene expression values. Here, we review these challenges and present potential solutions for mitigating privacy risks while allowing broad data dissemination and analysis.

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